The Institute for National Strategic Studies (INSS) is a policy research and strategic The Occasional Papers examine various issues pertaining to international. ?/ pcoll11, System Details: PDF; Adobe Acrobat Reader required; 60 p.; KB. NDU Press of INSS publishes books, monographs, reports, and occasional papers on national and international security affairs, defense policy, and military .

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Thursday, 17 April The report carries considerable weight because it was written by Joseph Collins, a former senior Pentagon official, and was based in part on interviews with other former senior defense and intelligence officials who played roles in prewar preparations.

At the time the report was written last fall, more than 4, U. The report said that the United States has suffered serious political costs, with its standing in the world seriously diminished. Moreover, operations in Iraq have diverted “manpower, materiel and the attention of decision-makers” from “all other efforts in the war on terror” and severely strained the U. The addition of 30, U.

Intelligence analysts, however, remind us that the only thing worse than an Iraq with an American army may be an Iraq after a rapid withdrawal of that army. The report lays much of the blame for what went wrong in Iraq after the initial U.


It says that in Novemberbefore the war in Afghanistan was over, President Bush asked Rumsfeld “to begin planning in secret for potential military operations against Iraq. Rumsfeld, who was closely allied with Vice President Dick Cheney, bypassed the Occasionla_papers Chiefs of Staff, the report says, and became “the direct supervisor of the combatant commanders.

In part because “long, costly, manpower-intensive post-combat cocasional_papers were anathema to Rumsfeld,” the report says, the U. Compounding the problem was a series of faulty assumptions made by Bush’s top aides, among them an expectation fed by Iraqi exiles that Iraqis would be grateful to America for liberating them from Saddam’s dictatorship.

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The administration also expected that “Iraq without Saddam could manage and fund its own reconstruction. The report also singles out the Bush administration’s national security apparatus and implicitly President Bush and both of his national security advisers, Condoleezza Rice and Stephen Hadley, saying that “senior national security officials exhibited in many instances an imperious attitude, exerting power and pressure where diplomacy and bargaining might have had a better effect.

Collins ends his report by quoting Winston Churchill, who said: Never, never believe any war will be smooth and easy, or that anyone who embarks on the strange voyage can measure the tides and hurricanes he will encounter.


Always remember, however sure you are that you can easily win, that there would not be a war if the other man did not think that he also had a chance. Keep discussions on topic, avoid personal attacks and threats of any kind. Links will not be permitted. Newsmax, Moneynews, Newsmax Health, and Independent.


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